22. The wind shall eat up all thy pastors, and thy lovers shall go into captivity; surely then shalt thou be ashamed and confounded for all thy wickedness.
22. Omnes pastores tuos depascet ventus, et amatores tui in exilium migrabunt; certe tunc pudefies et erubesces ab omni malitia tua (hoc est, propter cunctam malitiam tuam.)
As the main fault was in the chief men, therefore God shews, that there would be no defense found in their prudence and wealth, when things came to an extremity: and it was a usual thing for the common people, when reproved, to refer to their rulers as their shield: nor is there a doubt but that the Jews made this objection to God's Prophets, -- "What do you mean? that God has suffered us to be unhappily governed by bad princes? then he has exposed us as a prey to wolves: now if he punishes us, it seems an unjust thing for us to suffer for the fault of others." At the same time, they who thus spoke were secure and despised God, because they thought that their safety was secured by their chief men.
Hence, the Prophet here shakes off from the Jews this vain confidence,
He then speaks of their
He afterwards says,
1 The wind sometimes means what is empty; and in this sense the Sept., the Vulg., and the Arab. take it here, "All thy pastors the wind shall feed;" but the Syr. and the Targ. take the "wind" as meaning a blasting or a stormy wind: "All thy pastors the wind shall feed on," or eat up, is the Syr.; and the Targ. gives this paraphrase, "All thy pastors shall be scattered unto every wind." The verb, no doubt, means to feed, and to feed on, or eat up, or consume, but not to scatter or disperse. Therefore the meaning here is, either that the pastors would have nothing but what was empty to support them, or that they would be consumed as by a blast. The first is most consonant to the tenor of the passage; for the aid of their lovers is previously referred to; but they would find this aid to be "wind," and then it is added, that these lovers as well as themselves would be driven into captivity. There is a striking paronomasia in the words. The word for pastors is derived from the verb to feed. We may give this version, "All thy feeders shall the wind feed." The feeders had fed the people with winds, with empty expectations, and they, in their turn, would have nothing but wind, what was empty, to live upon or to support them. -- Ed.
2 Our version is better as to the two verbs here used, "ashamed and confounded." The latter is stronger than the former. The Vulg. and the Targ. invert the order, "confounded and ashamed." The Sept. and Arab. have "ashamed and dishonored," or despised. The first verb means simply to be ashamed, and the other to turn aside as it were from a sense of shame, as one not able to look on others. -- Ed.
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