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Who is Jesus?
Advocate and Mediator
Part XIX of the Series. Bible study on Jesus as our Advocate and mediator.

In this series we're talking about the names and descriptive phrases identifying Jesus. Thus far we've talked about Jesus as God, Lord, Savior, Christ, Creator, the Word, the Son of God, the life, the Light, the Lamb of God, the Firstborn, the head of the church, our high priest and King, (also see high priest and King), an Author, a Shepherd, and the propitiation for our sins.

In this article, we talk about Jesus as our Advocate and mediator.

The Greek word parakletos appears five times in the New Testament, and is only used by the apostle John.

  • It's used four times referring to the Holy Spirit in the gospel of John, and is translated "Helper" (NASB, NKJ) or "Comforter" (KJV) (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7).
  • It's used once referring to Jesus in First John, and is translated "Advocate" (1 Jn. 2:1).

Parakletos literally means "called to one's side" for aid (Vine's).

  • "It was used in a court of justice to denote a legal assistant, counsel for the defense, an advocate; then, generally, one who pleads another's cause, an intercessor, advocate, as in 1 John 2:1, of the Lord Jesus" (Vine's).
  • "In the widest sense, it signifies a 'succorer, comforter' . . . (Vine's).

In John 14:16, Jesus promises to send "another" Helper, thus also referring to Himself as a Helper.

  • "'I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be with you forever'" (Jn. 14:16).

And in 1 John 2:1, the apostle John uses parakletos of Jesus as our Advocate.

  • "My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous" (1 Jn. 2:1).

Jesus, Our Advocate
Jesus is our parakletos (Advocate). He is the one who comes to our aid when we sin, to stand by us and plead our case before God, interceding for us upon the throne of God, as we confess our sins (1 Jn. 1:8-2:2).

  • Jesus' blood cleanses us from all sin (1 Jn. 1:7).
  • Jesus is the propitiation for our sins (1 Jn. 2:2).

Therefore, as John indicates with the word parakletos, Jesus is our Comforter and Helper in heaven, as the one who pleads our case before God.

The word "mediator" is a verb translated from mesites, and literally means "a go-between," in which it's used two ways relating to Jesus (Vine's).

  • Jesus is the mediator between God and man, producing peace (1 Tim. 2:5).
  • Jesus is the mediator of the new covenant, which man could not secure for himself (Heb. 8:6; 9:15; 12:24).

Jesus: Mediator Between God and Man
In one respect, the word "mediator" is used of Jesus as one who mediates between two parties to produce peace (Vine's).

  • "For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus" (1 Tim. 2:5).

We have peace with God through Jesus, having been purified with His blood, and no longer enemies of God (Ja. 4:4).

  • "Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ" (Rom. 5:1).

So then, we have the peace of God in Christ Jesus.

  • "And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus" (Phil. 4:7).

Jesus: Mediator of the New Covenant
In another respect, the word "mediator" is used of Jesus mediating the new covenant.

  • "And to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks better than the blood of Abel" (Heb. 12:24).
  • "For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance" (Heb. 9:15).

It wasn't possible for man to mediate this new covenant for himself. Thus, God sent Jesus to mediate it by offering Himself as a sacrifice and shedding His blood, which is the blood of the new covenant (Matt. 26:28; Heb. 12:24).

Jesus is our Advocate and mediator.

Jesus is our Comforter and Helper in heaven, pleading our case before God, making intercession for us as our Advocate.

Jesus' advocacy is only possible because He's also our mediator, our go-between, whereby we have peace with God, having been purified from our sins with His blood, in the covenant relationship He mediated on our behalf.

Thanks be to Jesus Christ, without whom we'd have no chance of salvation.

To be continued.